A dog renowned for its intelligence and courage, the German Shepherd is highly valued as a working dog or companion dog. However, behind this robust-looking dog hides several diseases, often of a genetic nature. If you are planning to adopt a German Shepherd or if you already have one, it is important for you to be aware of these diseases. Here is a list.
Genetic diseases that can affect the German Shepherd
Glaucoma is an eye condition that can be very painful for your dog. This disease is caused by increased pressure inside the eye. Glaucoma is very dangerous for your dog because it can cause partial or total loss of sight in just 48 hours.
Hip dysplasia, on the other hand, is a malformation of the hip that causes limping in dogs and reduced movement. This disease, characteristic of large dogs, can develop into osteoarthritis. To avoid this, your German Shepherd needs a quality diet and not do too much physical exercise.
Bacterial diseases that German Shepherds can suffer from
Leptospirosis is one of the bacterial diseases that can affect your German Shepherd. It is hazardous and can be transmitted to humans. The symptoms of the disease are hemorrhagic diarrhea, jaundice, or kidney failure. In some cases, the dog may vomit blood. Fortunately, a vaccine exists to prevent the disease. Do not wait to consult your veterinarian.
Another bacterial disease that German Shepherds are prone to be brucellosis. This bacterial infection can also be transmitted to humans. It is characterized by an infection of the dog’s genital tract. If a pregnant German Shepherd female has it, she may miscarry. Brucellosis can also be the cause of your dog’s sterility.
Viral illnesses that can affect your German Shepherd
Several viruses are harmful to the health of your German Shepherd. One of them is the one that causes distemper. Similar to measles in humans, distemper causes coughing, runny nose, sneezing, vomiting, and loss of appetite. Once affected by this disease, your dog will also have a high fever. A vaccine exists to prevent this fatal disease. It should be injected into young dogs.
Another viral illness that can affect your German Shepherd is also parvovirus which manifests as bloody diarrhea. A vaccine exists for this form of hemorrhagic gastroenteritis which can be fatal for your German Shepherd.
German Shepherd Parasitic Diseases
Parasites are the eternal problems of dogs. In the German Shepherd, they can be the cause of several diseases, including pododermatitis and mange. A mite causes this. This mite lays its eggs in the skin of your dog, under which it has dug galleries. The skin in question then turns red. Very painful for your animal, scabies must be treated as soon as possible. Pododermatitis, on the other hand, presents as sores between your dog’s paws. It is caused by fungi proliferating due to humidity. Your dog will then find it difficult to move because his paws hurt.
Not all small dogs have personalities. When it comes to little dogs, there are clearly certain breeds that do well with humans.
With tiny bodies, adorable (and curious) manias, and often a good dose of malice: small dogs are also among the most faithful and affectionate companions you can find.
Here are 5 breeds of small dogs with remarkable personalities.
Literally, Shih Tzu means “little lion.” To see their majestic mane, we understand why! The personality of the Shih Tzu combines the affectionate character of a wise little dog with the pride and confidence of a lion.
Shih Tzu seeks only to love and be loved. They want to be part of the family and will gladly follow you from room to room. But that doesn’t mean they don’t have a small character. Shih Tzu can be stubborn and sometimes difficult to train, even though these intelligent dogs love to learn. They are natural charmers who show great confidence in front of new people and environments.
Cockapoos love those around them and always want to do well – even when it comes to clowning! You will never get bored or feel lonely with a cockapoo. Intelligent and full of energy, they are dogs that are easy to train. They enjoy running around the park for hours as much as rolling around in a ball on your lap for endless fun. Looking for Cockapoo Puppies For Sale? Check out our friends Puff-N-Stuff Cockapoo Puppies in Virginia | PuffNStuffCockapoos.com
The Border Terrier
Border terriers are affectionate and easy to train dogs. Originally bred to work alongside hunting dogs to dig up foxes, they know how to live well with other dogs.
Like other small breeds, they want to be part of the family. But unlike others, they do not particularly require your attention. They just enjoy being in your company, no matter what you do.
Border terriers are not noisy dogs, but because of their origins can have a penchant for the earth (and especially the holes to dig in).
The Curly Bichon
The Curly Bichon is an enthusiastic and cheerful dog. He likes to play and can only do it in his head if he is not well supervised. But as a small intelligent dog, it is easy to train and is ideal as a first dog. Because of his docile temperament, he is great with other animals and children.
Curly bichons are not too talkative and are doing their best when they are in your company. With their fluffy cloud hair and teddy bear head, they illuminate the room every time.
The Yorkshire Terrier
Restless but affectionate, the Yorkshire terrier is a companion appreciated by attentive owners. He demands a lot of time and attention from his family, and can’t stand being alone for long periods of time.
Yorkshire terriers can be quite noisy and tend to bark at unknown things and people. They may live well alongside other animals if they are raised together but maybe possessive towards their owner if the introduction is late. These reckless mini dogs are endowed with strong character.
The growth phase is one of the most important stages of your Golden: any nutritional imbalance in this delicate stage can have serious consequences in the future. If you are wondering how to feed your Golden Retriever puppy, follow our recommendations.
Did you know that large dog breeds reach their adult weight and maturity much later than smaller breeds?
Toy breeds can reach maturity before 8 months, while the growth and maturation phase of your Golden will last until after 14 months of age. That is why the first year of your Golden’s life is extremely important in terms of habits and feeding: adequate nutrition during this stage will turn your puppy into a healthy and strong adult!
The energy needs of a Golden Retriever puppy are proportionately greater than those of an adult Golden Retriever. Consequently, the nutritional density of their feed must also be higher. Being a large breed dog, it is vital to correctly adjust the daily caloric intake of your Golden Retriever puppy’s food. And it is that too fast growth of the puppy can cause skeletal malformations that will seriously compromise its health in the future.
The amount of protein in your diet is also a key factor for proper development. Protein contributes to healthy muscle development and is the building block that your puppy’s body uses in order to develop. Golden Retriever puppy food must provide the right amount of protein, and it must be easily digestible.
Calcium is also an essential element for the proper growth of your puppy. It is extremely important that the levels of calcium in your diet are adequate, as both a deficit and an excess can cause skeletal malformations. Similarly, for healthy bones and joints, your Golden Retriever puppy’s dry food recipe should be formulated with a specific ratio of calcium to phosphorus. If you choose a good quality feed for your puppy, you should not give it any additional supplements, unless specifically prescribed by your veterinarian. Otherwise, you run the risk of causing imbalances in your diet.
What is the Best Food?
The best food for Golden Retriever puppies must be made up of natural and quality ingredients that provide all the essential nutrients that they need in their growth phase. All nutrients must be present in adequate amounts and be easily assimilated by your body.
Water is another thing since your dog must have fresh water available throughout the day.
Many times we can leave them at home in the care of a family member or friend, but other times we want to include our pet as one more. But… do you know what you have to take into account when traveling with your pet? Today, we give you some tips to keep in mind about the regulations and tricks to reassure your dog during the trip.
Safe Transport For Your Pet.
When teaching your dog or cat to travel by car, a series of guidelines must be taken to ensure their safety.
Traffic regulations dictate that all our furry friends must be subject to be well protected and secured in the vehicle, thus avoiding interference with driving.
We will incorporate a separator, thus preventing our pet from causing discomfort or being able to cause some other distraction at the wheel.
On the other hand, if we are going to make a trip with our four-legged friends, we must always have their duly completed documentation available. You must always have the health card updated and stamped by a veterinarian, thus being able to travel through the European Union without any problem.
As we have said before, with the new regulations there is the possibility of carrying your dog on the seat so that it is securely fastened with two anchors so that it is insured.
We must also be informed that our friend can access our vehicle without any difficulty, due to the fact that he may have dizziness, which may cause him to vomit, etc. All of this must be checked by a veterinarian. Not sure if your pet is ready for a road trip? If you haven’t tried this experience yet, here are some tips that will help you get used to it.
8 Tips On How To Get Your Dog Used To Traveling By Car.
Initiate him to make short trips and to destinations that he likes, such as the countryside, the beach, etc.
Begin to get used to the carrier or the strap while the trip is made.
Leaving you autonomy to get in and out of the car.
Create a quiet environment, where there is no loud music, no voices, etc.
Optimize the temperature of the vehicle so that our pet feels perfect.
If the trips are very long, make stops every two hours so that you can stretch and relieve yourself.
What we must always avoid is NOT leaving it alone.
Try as much as possible strong air fresheners that can make them feel bad or fatigued.
A flea is a small insect with the ability to jump onto the body of our pets, whether they are dogs or cats, fleas can be there. They are found in warm and humid environments, and it is essential that if you have a pet you pay special attention to it.
Any fleas you see on your cat need to be removed, as they can cause serious problems after a certain point.
In addition to the veterinarian, there are certain home remedies to fight against these annoying insects, and that is why I invite you to continue reading this article since we are going to teach you some tools to successfully combat fleas on your cat.
Let us begin!
How to detect fleas in cats?
The general symptom of the presence of a flea is to see how the cat in this case scratches excessively. But, it can also be more pronounced grooming than normal.
Fleas are tiny insects (1 to 2 mm) and have a dark brown color, they are characterized by being very fast and extremely difficult to find.
Another clear symptom that your cat has fleas is the presence of small black dots of flea excrement, and it is something very noticeable, especially if the fur is light.
It is important that you pay special attention in summer, especially in those last months, since they are the high season for fleas par excellence, so always check your pet.
Home remedies to get rid of fleas
There are quite valid home remedies to eliminate fleas on your cat, and they are specific products or quite simple mixtures that we are going to show you below:
Previous care before applying any home remedy
In the first place, it is necessary to bathe the cat and eliminate in this process all the fleas that are possible, in addition, the sensitivity of its skin must be taken into account, which is greater than that of dogs, so special care must be taken. What products are used?
At the time of bathing, all products must be special for cats; If you wish, you can use citronella or lavender oil and mix the shampoo with the oils in equal amounts, and then do the bath. Of course, this mixture is valid for cats older than one year.
During the bath, it will be normal to see how the fleas fall, but of course, they will not be all. In any case, you should dry the cat well and comb its fur with a fairly fine-toothed comb, so that some fleas continue to fall.
Home preparations that can be applied
A very effective home remedy is the mixture of water flavored with lemon or orange; If you wish, you can add the skin of these fruits to a pot of water and let it boil for a few seconds.
Afterward, let it rest for an hour, when straining, put the mixture in a spray bottle, so that you spray your cat’s hair.
Another effective preparation is brewer’s yeast since its composition rich in vitamin B1 is capable of keeping fleas away in this case.
In that sense, add a small spoonful of the yeast to its moistened food, mix it and feed it to the cat; We recommend that you consult your veterinarian beforehand to determine if the cat is not allergic.
Tea tree oil is a very interesting home remedy, which you can add to your shampoo to have that preparation at the time of baths, massaging the fur vigorously and thus eliminating fleas.
It is necessary that it is not done in excess, once every four weeks is fine since it can be toxic for the cat; Veterinarians recommend mixing it with plenty of water if it will be used topically.
Frequently consulting the veterinarian is necessary before applying these practices, but in any case, they are natural components that can be effective over chemical products.
How and when to deworm cats?
Cat deworming should be done periodically, and you can do it with the peace of mind that they are safe and easy to administer methods.
Deworming is an activity that does not cause discomfort, and it is advisable to do it from the feline’s puppy stage since it is in these months that they are less protected against external agents and parasites that can significantly affect their development.
Deworming a cat can be for two reasons: to attack any parasite that is present, as a treatment, and to use specific products prescribed by the veterinarian.
The second reason is instead, by way of prevention, and in this case, the veterinarian administers some product at the time of the routine visit or you do it sporadically.
There are many products to deworm, whether in the form of pills, sprays, droppers and more, in any case, it will be the veterinarian who prescribes the product to use for the cat, according to its condition and needs that it presents.
Likewise, if your cat does not have parasites, it is best to deworm them from time to time to prevent them from getting sick or worsening their quality of life, all as a preventive measure.
Allergy to cats or pets in general, such as dogs, is more common than it seems, and around 15 to 30% of the population has this condition with respect to pets.
It is worth saying that yes that allergy to cats is much more frequent than the reactions generated by dogs, and this is due to the fact that cats have higher secretions in terms of quantity of substances, substances that are allergenic for many humans.
When this allergen begins to affect our immune system, it is when a set of symptoms begin to develop that indicate the presence of a possible allergy.
What are the first symptoms when you are allergic to cats?
Cat allergy symptoms are quite similar to common allergy symptoms, such as colds, flu, or even hay fever.
The best way to determine if your allergy symptoms are caused by a cold or by being around a cat is precisely when they occur because if they are only signs that occur when you are around not only cats but also dogs, those allergy symptoms are most likely not caused by an outcome.
In any case, below, we are going to comment on the most common symptoms of allergy to cats:
Itching and tearing.
Itchy skin, as well as in the throat, presenting in the latter case as a rough sensation.
Other symptoms in more severe cases are:
Urticaria is basically the presence of raised, reddish spots on the skin.
Cat allergy treatments
The alternative of medications and natural remedies to combat these allergies to cats can be very helpful in relieving the symptoms that occur or reducing both dandruff and saliva particles that can trigger your reaction in the first instance.
In any case, doctors usually recommend the consumption of conventional antihistamines or decongestants as a treatment for the symptoms generated by cat allergies.
Similarly, in case the medicines from the pharmacies do not help, you can opt for immunotherapy.
Next, we are going to delve a little more into the different ways of helping to combat cat allergies:
Use of antihistamines
According to their name, antihistamines fulfill the function of blocking the effect of histamines, which are chemical substances that act to give rise to the appearance of allergy symptoms.
In general, the use of antihistamines can be given through drops, pills, and even nasal spray.
Immunotherapy basically consists of receiving injections periodically, so that if you suffer from allergies, you are exposed to the allergen.
This is intended to “train” your immune system so that it doesn’t react to the allergen, gradually increasing its levels, until you reach a point where contact with your usual triggers has less of an effect.
Use of decongestants
Decongestant medications are an alternative to help shrink the swollen tissues in the nasal passages, making it easier to breathe through the nose.
Different over-the-counter allergy pills can combine the effects of antihistamines in this case, I saw those of a decongestant, you should consult the pharmacy about it.
Some home remedies to mitigate cat allergies
More than home remedies, our recommendation starts with carrying out some simple activities to reduce those problems with allergies:
In the case of nasal irrigation
In this case, you can fill a nasal irrigator or a small bottle that you can fit a saline solution in and use to get rid of all that mucus and irritants present in the sinuses.
Clean your cat
Reduce contact with the cat
To reduce the frequency and impact of cat allergy symptoms, the best thing you can do is reduce contact with the animal, of course, it may be complicated by the relationship you may have with the feline.
Similarly, when you get home after spending some time walking the streets, you should wash your clothes immediately, as there are many unexpected and fortuitous situations in that you can have contact with a cat’s fur or its allergen component.
Can our cat’s diet help reduce dandruff that causes allergies?
Diet is undoubtedly a fundamental aspect of the life of a cat, and for this specific case, there are certain foods that can cause the cat to decrease the level of allergen in its fur, in addition to the dandruff they produce.
These cat foods use a Fel d 111 antibody that can help alleviate the severity of allergic reactions to your cat’s fur.
Cats are undoubtedly an incredible company for the home, they are clean, calm, and very beautiful. But, they have different agents that can cause allergies in people, and that is why some measures must be taken in this regard.
The most advisable thing is to know how to live with the cat, especially, applying hygiene measures at home, and always having the necessary medicines within reach in case of allergy symptoms.
Breast milk is, in all mammals, a fundamental source of nutrients for proper development in these early stages of life, and it will lay a good foundation for the rest of the life cycle of all mammals.
Although it is the same in all cases (except in humans since we cannot fend for ourselves at that stage), speaking specifically about cats, at the moment that it reaches a certain level of development, weaning occurs with respect to the mother.
Although there are differences in the previous process (if the cat is an orphan and was bottle-fed or fed by its mother through breast milk ), when it comes to weaning, the process will always be the same.
Let’s get to know all the information about it, as well as some recommendations to make the best possible process of weaning the cat. Let’s get started!
What is weaning?
The lactation stage is fundamental, as the colostrum in breast milk is made up of immunoglobulins, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, water, and other components that have the nutrients that are needed for the optimal development of puppies.
Weaning is something that must happen, and it is that stage in which the cat stops drinking breast milk to start feeding on solid food.
This stage is quite exciting for humans since there are many challenges that must be faced, but it is very attractive to live with the cat.
At what age is it better to carry out weaning in cats?
The doubt about knowing the age at which a cat should be weaned is very common, and it is essential to know it before being in charge of a litter or orphan cat.
In the event that the kittens are with their mother, this process will take place naturally, so it is very likely that it will not be necessary to intervene.
The cats begin to taste some of the food from their mother’s feeder, so their taste for these foods becomes greater.
In the case of an orphaned cat, this will be a process that will take place when they begin to show some interest in the food that we as humans consume.
In that sense, the weaning of these little cats is at four weeks of life, it may take a few more days to start.
Of course, the process does not happen suddenly, it takes time, and it happens until they stop consuming breast milk (or in the case of orphans, formula milk for infants ) for solid food.
To know the age of a cat that you saw being born, obviously, there are no complications, but when the kitten is rescued from the street, knowing the age to wean them can be complicated, but in any case, until you know the age, weaning should not be done.
How to determine the age of a cat
When it comes to age in years, this is easier, but here the important thing is to determine the weeks, so in any case, it is better to go to a veterinarian who can help you with it.
Likewise, there are certain details that you can easily notice at home to find out the age of your feline, for example, its teeth and whether or not they have come out, as well as the weight and magnitude of the reactions it can present in certain situations.
How long does it take for a cat to wean?
As we mentioned before, kittens begin their weaning from the fourth week of life, but this process itself can extend until the eighth or tenth week, so all this can take from a month to a month and a half to complete. achieve complete weaning.
So, it is a month in which maximum attention should be paid to the cat‘s diet since it will be a combination of breast milk and solid food that is given to the little feline.
The best thing to do before experimenting on your own is to maintain constant communication with your vet to ensure a smooth transition to solid food with a healthy kitten.
And of course, the mother’s diet should also be of quality, so the cat will benefit.
Also remember that during this interval of time it is of vital importance that you nourish your cat well after giving birth, as this way she will be able to produce the milk that the little ones require.
How to correctly wean cats?
In general, it is essential to let the cats spend as much time as possible with the mother (around the seventh-eighth week), until weaning is finished or has finished (tenth week).
In any case, it is from the fifth week when solid food can be introduced.
Likewise, below, we give you a small guide of what should be done according to the weeks of life:
Week 4-5: The cat will still be lactating, so you can offer it a little specific breath for its age, and, to make it have a very soft texture, it can be moistened with formula milk.
Week 5-6: You can start with the introduction of feed croquettes directly moistened with water so that the cat can nibble a little.
Weeks 6 and 7: Here, basically, what was mentioned above is continued, only that it will be less and less necessary to moisten the food, and by weeks 7-8 onwards, weaning will be coming to an end, so, at the end of, the kitten will be ready to eat solid.
In general, eating habits begin before the sixth and eighth week, so you should take advantage of this stage to lay a good nutritional foundation.
In addition, when adopting a kitten you should know the food that was given to it at weaning (if you did not) since you will have to give it the same so that it adapts better to its new home.
How to choose the best food to wean a cat?
This point is quite personal, although it is true that it must be a quality diet since this stage lays the foundations for the healthy growth of the kitten.
It is essential that the food has a pleasant taste, that it stimulates your appetite and can easily differ.
On the other hand, it must be specific to their age, since it will meet their nutritional needs for that age.
What happens when we wean early? Consequences for the cats and for the mother
When weaning happens naturally, it is like a type of life learning, and it is that the mother, by not allowing the kittens to suck, is teaching them to tolerate that frustration, something valid for their adulthood.
Weaning should be done in the best way, and if it is done early enough, it can increase the aggressiveness of cats and their stereotyped behaviors, something that is related to their level of tolerating frustration.
In addition, there are related problems that we discuss below:
Lack of nutrients causes behaviors such as eating objects, be it fabrics, plastics, and more.
Easier to get sick.
Trouble eating on your own.
Fear and lack of confidence.
Few grooming habits.
Little control when playing, such as biting, scratching, and others.
Therefore, it is essential that this weaning process takes the necessary time, and that means letting the cat spend as much time as possible with the mother, and if it is an orphan, against the help of a veterinarian to avoid falling into trouble.